Behavior Analysis and Learning - W. David Pierce & Carl D. Cheney

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    Foreword
    This book updates and expands an excellent textbook on principles of learned behaviors, the
    first two editions of which were authored by David Pierce and Frank Epling. Sadly, Frank
    died before this third edition, and Carl Cheney now joins David in describing developments in contemporary behavioral theory and research. Both active researchers, Pierce and
    Cheney are adherents of a coherent theory pioneered by B. F. Skinner and known as experimental analysis of behavior. According to this view, to explain human behavior, we must
    understand the interactions between an individual and his or her environment. Behavior
    is lawful, and the laws involve relationships between responses, on the one hand, and environmental events on the other. Consequences of our actions help to determine our future
    actions. The power of this framework extends from simple conditioning preparations to imitation, language, psychopathology, and culture. This power is demonstrated throughout the
    text.
    Covered are basic principles of Pavlovian and operant conditioning, weakening and
    extinction of learned responses, influences of intermittent reinforcement, conditioned reinforcement, biological influences, aversive consequences, stimulus control, and choice and
    preference. Much of the basic behavioral research has been done with nonhuman animal
    subjects, and there are important reasons for this. Environments can be controlled, as can
    the experiences of animal subjects. Studying the behavior of animals in isolated experimental environments provides us with a framework of information with which we can interpret
    more complex human behaviors.
    Pierce and Cheney go well beyond the basics, however, and this third edition adds considerable new coverage. Experimental analyses are applied to imitation, verbal behavior,
    rule-governed behaviors, education, problem behaviors, and cultures. The breadth of this
    text is impressive, and the reader will gain a deep understanding and, I predict, an appreciation, of this field of study. A variety of adjuncts are provided to help the student master
    the subject matter. Study questions and quizzes are provided at the end of each chapter.
    Most helpful are pointers to Web sites containing simulations, instructional procedures,
    experimental procedures, and actual studies. Students motivated to go beyond the text will
    be assisted by these.
    There are many reasons to study behavioral principles. Some readers will want to modify
    aspects of their own behaviors, and research on self-control is relevant. Some will apply
    behavioral principles to raising children and to educating them. Others will use principles of
    reinforcement when dealing with friends, family, or in business contexts. Some will want to
    become therapists, and basic findings throughout the text are related to possible applications.
    However, there may be no more important reason for learning about how environmental
    events influence our behaviors than that our long-term survival is at risk—the survival of
    our species and, indeed, life on earth.
    In a paper written near the end of his career, B. F. Skinner asked why we are not acting to
    save the world. As Skinner wrote, overpopulation, overconsumption, destruction of natural
    resources, and destructiveness of weapons all threaten life on earth. To date, we have not
    successfully dealt with such threats, and he suggests that only by applying basic principles
    of behavioral influence will we succeed. These involve utilizing our knowledge to design
    relationships between behavior and consequences that benefit humanity as a whole, both
    xiiixiv Foreword
    present and future. This clear and motivating text by David Pierce and Carl Cheney will
    provide the reader with the evidence, methods, and modes of thought that Skinner thought
    necessary for us to survive and prosper. After studying this text, the reader will be able to
    judge the adequacy and importance of Skinner’s claim.
    —Allen Neuringer
    Reed College

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    Behavior Analysis and Learning
    Tác giả: W. David Pierce &Carl D. Cheney
    Nhà xuất bản: Psychology Press
    Năm xuất bản: 2013
    Số trang: 608
    ISBN-13: 978-1848726154
    ISBN-10: 1848726155
    Ngôn ngữ: Tiếng Anh
    Định dạng: ePub, PDF

    Behavior Analysis and Learning, Fifth Edition is an essential textbook covering the basic principles in the field of behavior analysis and learned behaviors, as pioneered by B. F. Skinner. The textbook provides an advanced introduction to operant conditioning from a very consistent Skinnerian perspective. It covers a range of principles from basic respondent and operant conditioning through applied behavior analysis into cultural design. Elaborating on Darwinian components and biological connections with behavior, the book treats the topic from a consistent worldview of selectionism. The functional relations between the organism and the environment are described, and their application in accounting for old behavior and generating new behavior is illustrated.

    Expanding on concepts of past editions, the fifth edition provides updated coverage of recent literature and the latest findings. There is increased inclusion of biological and neuroscience material, as well as more data correlating behavior with neurological and genetic factors. The chapter on verbal behavior is expanded to include new research on stimulus equivalence and naming; there is also a more detailed and updated analysis of learning by imitation and its possible links to mirror neurons. In the chapter on applied behavior analysis (ABA), new emphasis is given to contingency management of addiction, applications to education, ABA and autism, and prevention and treatment of health-related problems.

    The material presented in this book provides the reader with the best available foundation in behavior science and is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology or other behavior-based disciplines. In addition, a website of supplemental resources for instructors and students makes this new edition even more accessible and student-friendly (Vui lòng đăng nhập hoặc đăng ký để xem link).

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