[Học tiếng anh mỗi ngày] Bài Học “Are Films Making US Violent?”

Thảo luận trong 'Tủ sách Học ngoại ngữ' bắt đầu bởi new2wow, 15/3/14.

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  1. new2wow

    new2wow Mầm non

    - brutality (n)
    EN: if something is done with "brutality", it's extremely violent.
    VI: tàn bạo

    - a flick (n) inform
    EN: a film
    VI: phim

    - entertainment (n)
    EN: something that's a form of "entertainment" is fun and enjoyable to watch: a film, etc.
    VI: giải trí, vui chơi

    - bloodthirsty (adj)
    EN: a "bloodthirsty" film has a lot of violence and blood in it.
    VI: khát máu, tàn bạo.

    - a blogger (n)
    EN: someone who writes articles on the internet on their own personal website.
    VI: người viết bài trên các trang web cá nhân

    - to monitor (v)
    EN: if you "monitor" something, you check its progress carefully and regularly.
    VI: giám sát

    - a brainwave (n)
    EN: an electrical signal produced by the brain.
    VI: sóng não

    - sensitive (adj)
    EN: if someone is "sensitive" to something, they're affected emotionally by that thing.
    VI: nhạy cảm, dễ cảm xúc

    - aggressive (adj)
    EN: if someone is "aggressive", they act in an angry / forceful / violent manner
    VI: hung hăng

    - to dispute (v)
    EN: if you "dispute" something, you question it and ask whether it's really true or correct.
    VI: tranh chấp, tranh luận, bàn cãi

    - to desensitise (v)
    EN: if you're "desensitised" to something, you react less strongly to that thing and it affects you less.
    VI: làm bớt nhạy.

    - evidence (n)
    EN: information used to say whether something is true or not.
    VI: sự rõ ràng, sự hiển nhiên

    - to lead to (exp)
    EN: If A "leads to" a particular result or outcome, A causes that result to happen.
    VI: dẫn đến

    - a link (n)
    EN: a relationship between two things.
    VI: liên kết, kết nối

    - to go on (phr vb)
    EN: if something "goes on" for a particular period of time, it happens for that time.
    VI: tiếp tục

    - to resolve (v)
    EN: to find a solution to something.
    VI: giải quyết (1 vấn đề gì đó khó khăn)

    - harmless (adj)
    EN: not dangerous, safe
    VI: không có hại, vô tội

    What type of films do you like? What are some of the most violent films you've seen? What do you think of violent films?

    TV programmes and films are full of violence. In fact, according to the New Scientist magazine, by the time the average American child starts school, he or she will have seen 8,000 killings and 100,000 acts of violence on TV. But does watching on screen brutality make people more likely to commit violent acts?

    According to most actors and filmmakers the answer is no. Arnold Schwarzenegger, who is famous for his roles in action flicks such as Terminator 2 and Conan the Barbarian, denies a link between movie violence and real violence. "Movies are entertainment - people know the difference" he said. And director Quentin Tarantino (who is well known for bloodthirsty films such as Pulp Fiction and Django Unchained) has repeatedly said movies are not responsible for violence in society. In a 1994 interview, he stated, "Real life violence is real life violence. Movies are movies". However, one film blogger wrote, "Of course action stars and directors claim their movies don't make the world more dangerous! They're protecting their jobs!"

    But what do scientists say? In 2010, American psychologist Dr Jorden Graman studied the effects of violent videos on a group of 14 to 17 year-old boys. He monitored the teenagers' brainwaves while they watched a series of short, violent clips. Dr Grafman found that the images made the subjects "less sensitive to violence and more accepting of violence". He said this meant the clips made the boys "more likely to commit aggressive acts".

    But other scientists dispute those findings. Professor Mark Griffiths from Nottingham Trent University agrees that violent images may desensitise us to violence. But, he says that doesn't mean we're more likely to act aggressively or commit a violent crime. Furthermore, in 2005 the British medical journal The Lancet reviewed hundreds of studies into the effects of movie and TV violence. It found "only weak evidence" to suggest that violent media leads to crime.

    So, what about violent video games? Ohio State University's Professor Brad Bushman believes games such as Call of Duty and Grand Theft Auto (where players have to kill a lot of opponents) definitely make people more violent. Why? Because playing video games is active (compared to watching TV, which is passive). In a movie you only watch an actor shoot the enemy, but in a video game you actually shoot them yourself. But once again, other disagree. In a 2011 case, the US Supreme Court found "no conclusive link between video games and aggression."

    The debate about effects of on-screen violence has been going on for decades. And there are no signs it'll be resolved any time soon. But even if violent movies and computer games are harmless, is it right that we're enjoying them so much?

    Quentin Tarantino recently got into an argument with an interview after the reporter asked him for his thoughts on movie violence.
    [Học tiếng anh mỗi ngày] Bài Học “Are Films Making US Violent?”
    Last edited by a moderator: 15/3/14
    tinysun2403 thích bài này.
  2. sun1911

    sun1911 Moderator Thành viên BQT

    Nhắc nhở bạn new2wow:

    1. Không được dẫn link đến trang web khác.
    2. Không được dùng màu đỏ trong bài viết
    3. Yêu cầu gỡ các hyperlink, chữ kí... dẫn đến trang web khác trong tất cả các bài viết của bạn.
    4. Nếu vi phạm tiếp sẽ bị ban nick
    Chỉnh sửa cuối: 15/3/14
Moderators: sun1911, Tuan Tran

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