Tên sách: TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF (seventh ed.) Tác giả: Donald M. Vickery, James F. Fries Năm xuất bản: 2006 Định dạng: PDF Dung lượng: 22.2 MB Link download: Vui lòng đăng nhập hoặc đăng ký để xem link Vui lòng đăng nhập hoặc đăng ký để xem link "Every should have this book." - Annals of Internal Medicine. ---Keep your health. Not "Be rich!" or "Be famous!" but "Take care of yourself!"--- Hãy chăm sóc bản thân! Nghĩa là duy trì thói quen tốt... Nghĩa là kiểm tra định kỳ tầm soát các bệnh nguy cơ... Nghĩa là biết khi nào nên đi bác sĩ, khi nào không, vì hơn 80% các vấn đề về y khoa có thể điều trị tại nhà... Nghĩa là "sức khoẻ của bạn do chính bạn chịu trách nhiệm", vì thế hãy yêu quý cơ thể mình, một cách thông minh và khoa học nhé! Trích lược: PREFACE “Take Care!" With this traditional parting phrase we express our feelings for our friends and show our priorities. When I see you again, be healthy. Keep your health. Not "Be rich!" or "Be famous!" but "Take care of yourself!". This book is about how to take care of yourself. For us, the phrase has four meanings: First, "take care of yourself" means maintaining the habits that lead to vigor and health. Your lifestyle is your most important guarantee of life long vigor, and you can postpone most serious chronic diseases by making the right choices about how to live. You can prevent bad health. Second, "take care of yourself" means periodic monitoring for those few diseases that can sneak upon you without clear warning, such as high blood pressure, cancer of the breast or cervix, glaucoma, or dental decay. In such cases, taking care of yourself may mean going to a health professional for assistance. Third, "take care of yourself" means responding decisively to new medical problems that arise. Most often your response should be self-care, and you can act as your own doctor. At other times, however, you need professional help. Responding decisively means that you pay particular attention to the decision about going, or not going, to see the doctor. This book helps you make that decision. Many people think that all illness must be treated at the doctor's office, clinic, or hospital. In fact, over 80% of new problems are treated at home, and an even larger number could be. The public has had scant instruction in determining when outside help is needed and when it is not. In the United States, the average person sees a doctor slightly more than five times a year. Over 2.5 billion prescriptions are written each year, about eight for each man, woman, and child. Medical costs now average over $3,500 per person per year—over 14% of our gross national product. In total, over $1 trillion each year. Among the billions of different medical services used each year, some are life-saving, some result in great health improvement, and some give great comfort. But some are totally unnecessary, and some are even harmful. In our national quest for a symptom – free existence, we make millions of unnecessary visits to doctors—as many as 70% of all visits for new problems. For example, 11% of such visits are for uncomplicated colds. Many others are for minor cuts that donot require stitches, for tetanus shots despite current immunizations, for minor ankle sprains, and for the other problems discussed in this book. But while you don't need a doctor to treat most coughs, you do for some. For every tenor so cuts that don't require stitches, there is one that does. For every type of problem, there are some instance in which you should decide to see the doctor and some in which you should not. These are critically important decisions. If you delay a visit to the doctor when you really need it, you may suffer unnecessary discomfort or leave an illness untreated. On the other hand, if you go to the doctor when you don't need to, you waste time, and you may lose money ordignity. More subtly, confidence in your own ability to judge your health and in the healing power of your own body begins to erode. You can even suffer physical harm if you receive a drug that you don't need or have a test that you don't require. Your doctor is in an uncomfortable position when you come in unnecessarily and may feel obligated to practice "defensive medicine" just in case you have a bad result and a good lawyer. This book, above all else, is intended to help you with the decision of when to see your doctor. It provides you with a "second opinion" within easy reach on your bookshelf. It contains information to help you make sound judgments about your own health. The fourth meaning of the title of our book is this: your health is your responsibility; it depends on your decisions. There is no other way to be healthy than to "take care of yourself". You have to decide how to live, whether to see a doctor, which doctor to see, how soon togo, whether to take the advice offered. No one else can make these decisions, and they profoundly direct the course of future events. To be healthy, you have to be in charge. Take care of yourself! DonaldM.Vickery,M.D. Evergreen,Colorado and JamesF.Fries,M.D. Stanford,California TO OUR READERS This book is strong medicine. It can be of great help to you. The medical advice is as sound as we can make it, but it will not always work. Like advice from your doctor, it won't always be right for you. This is our problem: If we don't give you direct advice, we can't help you. If we do,we'll sometimes be wrong. So here are some qualifications: •If you're under the care of a doctor and receive advice contrary to this book, follow the doctor's advice; the individual characteristics of your problem can then be taken into account. This is especially important if you have been diagnosed with a chronic condition. •If you have an allergy or a suspected allergy to a recommended medication, check with your doctor, at least by phone, before following the advice in this book. •Read medicine label directions carefully; instructions vary from year to year, and you should follow the most recent. •If your problem continues to concern you beyond a reasonable period, you should see a doctor. We suggest what a reasonable period might be for most problems.